Commonly called gum arabic, or acacia gum, acacia is produced using resin from two species of acacia tree: acacia senegal and acacia seyal. Its primarily harvested from wild trees in the Sudan, Senegal, and Somalia, though historically acacia was cultivated throughout the Arabian Peninsula and the western edges of Asia. Acacia gum is a complex composition of glycoproteins and polysaccharides. The sugars arabinose and ribose are both derived from acacia, first discovered and isolated from acacia gum, and of course named after its primary historical source region. The primary use of acacia is within the food industry, where it is used as a stabilizer in everything from soft drink syrups to candy, marshmallows, and even edible glitter. In addition to being edible, it is also an integral ingredient in traditional lithography, printing, paint manufacturing, glue, cosmetics, and various industrial uses such as viscosity control in both ink and textile manufacturing.
Personal Care and Cosmetics