Typically going by its systematic name of methanoic acid, formic acid is the simplest carboxylic acid. Formic acid is an important intermediate in chemical synthesis and is in fact found in nature in certain species of ants and in the trichomes of the plant urtica dioica, commonly called stinging nettle. The primary use of formic acid is as an antibacterial agent and preservative in feed for livestock. It is also use extensively in leather production for tanning (23 percent of its consumption worldwide) textile dyeing and finishing (9% of worldwide consumption) thanks to its acidic nature. Formic acid also acts as a coagulant in rubber production, and in place of mineral acids for cleaning products including limescale remover and toilet bowl cleaner. In beekeeping, formic acid is used as a miticide agent for tracheal mites and Varroa mites, both of which contribute to hive collapse and widespread death of bee populations.
Rubber / Elastomers