Urea is an organic compound. It is one of the primary components of mammal urine and is responsible for the distinctive smell, though the substance apart from water has no odor. Its chemical makeup at the molecular level is a single carbon monoxide molecule (CO) combined with two molecules of amidogen (NH2). This substance is neither acidic nor basic when dissolved in water. Though urea is an organic waste product, it has many useful applications in the chemical industry. It is a source of raw materials for manufacturers of fertilizer because the nitrogen can be extracted. Urea can also be synthesized in order to supply these needs. Most important in today's industries, urea is a critical element in the production of plastics and adhesives. This gives urea applications in a wide range of industries, including automotive and medical manufacturing. Researchers continue to find new ways to utilize urea.